Skin Fold Dermatitis (Intertrigo)
What is Skin Fold Dermatitis (intertrigo)?
In certain breeds that have excessive skin folds or wrinkles, the skin rubbing together leads to trauma from friction, trapping of moisture from poor ventilation, and dermatitis. This dermatitis will commonly have a secondary bacterial infection (pyoderma) that worsens the inflammation leading to odor, further itchiness, and worsening of the condition.
How does my dog get Skin Fold Dermatitis (intertrigo)?
One cause of skin fold dermatitis is the result of the desired appearance of certain breeds to have excessive folds or wrinkles. These breeds are listed below. The folds that may be at the lips, face, vulva, tail, or whole body, are part of the normal conformation of the dog. There are also cases associated with obesity and the folds that develop in certain locations as a result of the abnormal body size.
How do I know if my dog has Skin Fold Dermatitis (intertrigo)?
By observing your pet, you will see the areas where there are folds and wrinkles. These areas should be monitored closely for redness, odor, itchiness, and infection. See your veterinarian for confirmation of the diagnosis and for suggestions on treatment.
What can I do about Skin Fold Dermatitis (intertrigo)?
If these areas become infected, see your veterinarian for suggestions on how to treat the infection and inflammation. Antibiotics, anti-itch medications, topical creams, and shampoos are all frequently used. Rarely surgery may be needed to resect areas of excessive folding to allow for air circulation and decrease the recurrent infections. Regular cleaning and drying of the folds should be done on a daily basis.
Is there anything I can do to prevent my dog from getting Skin Fold Dermatitis (intertrigo)?
Preventing obesity is one means of preventing skin fold dermatitis. In selecting a puppy, select for less wrinkles although that may not be an indicator of folds as an adult. As a puppy, get your dog the skin folds cleaned on a daily basis.
Are there certain breeds that get Skin Fold Dermatitis (intertrigo) more often?
Bloodhound, Boston Terrier, Chinese shar pei, cocker spaniel, springer spaniel, English bulldog, Neapolitan mastiff, Pekingese, pug, French bulldog.