What is Entropion?
The eyelid of dogs may roll inward along its margin thus rubbing against the cornea with eyelashes or eyelid hair. This leads to corneal irritation, ulceration, perforation or other damage that may lead to blindness. Entropion is the term used to describe the inversion of the eyelid.
How does my dog get Entropion?
Entropion is most frequently from a genetic predisposition and thus is seen more frequently in certain breeds of dogs. It may also occur as the result of a chronic irritation, inflammation or infections (spastic entropion) or trauma and injury.
How do I know if my dog has Entropion?
Entropion is usually evident or obvious clinically. Outward signs include an irregular lid margin, tearing, blinking, mucousy or pus like discharge, corneal changes, and pawing at the eyes. Your veterinarian will closely look at the lids and cornea to determine the nature and severity of the condition and whether there is any significant corneal damage. Special tests may be needed or a referral to a board certified ophthalmologist for confirmation of entropion.
What can I do about Entropion?
If the entropion is due to a chronic condition, treatment of the condition may relieve the spastic entropion. For cases of hereditary entropion, the treatment of choice is surgical correction. The use of antibiotic based lubricants or other eye medications may be warranted depending upon the nature of the corneal disease and the severity of the lid changes.
Is there anything I can do to prevent my dog from getting Entropion?
Careful breed selection is suggested to decrease the risk of selecting a puppy or kitten with entropion. For spastic entropion, early diagnosis and intervention to prevent eye conditions from getting out of control.
Are there certain breeds that get Entropion more often?
Brachycephalic dogs, Chow chows, Shar peis, Norwegian Elkhounds, Spaniels, Retrievers, bulldogs, pugs, Pekingese, toy/mini poodle, Yorkshire terriers, Mastiff, St. Bernard, Newfoundland.